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Karl König Archive  

Biography Karl König

Dr. Karl König was born on the 25th of September 1902 in Vienna, Austria and died on the 27th of March 1966 in Überlingen at the Lake of Constance in Germany.

Early in his life he developed a strong relationship to the values of Christianity and to questions regarding the issues of social life.

Karl König studied zoology, biology and medicine in Vienna. During this time he struggled with questions regarding the evolution of life. It was the encounter with Goethes work on natural science, Goethes approach and methods, that gave him the direction for finding answers.

He published the results of his first research about the effects of homeopathic substances during the time as an assistant at the ViennaInstitute for Embryology.

Karl Koenig Archives

with his professors in Vienna, 1925

Karl Koenig Archives

Vienna 1925

Karl Koenig Archives
The curative eurythmy course, Arlesheim, 1929

Soon he got to know followers of Rudolf Steiner, and during the first encounter with Ita Wegman she asked him to work as an assistant at the "Klinisch-therapeutische Institut" in Arlesheim in Switzerland. The co-founder of the institute was Rudolf Steiner.

It was also in Arlesheim where he started to give numerous lectures and courses, rich in content and covering a great variety of topics.

As we can read in his 'Autobiographic Fragment' the roots of his deep inner connection and relationship to children with special needs are to be found here in Arlesheim.


A lecturing journey to Silesia lead to the marriage with Tilla (Maasberg) and his deep connection with the social and religious impulses of the "Herrnhut" brotherhood where she originated. Because of his Jewish descent he had to give up his work as general practitionerand in the institute of Pilgramshain, which he had just founded with Albrecht Strohschein and which was one of the first curative educational centers based on Anthroposophy.

Karl Kenig Archives
with Emil Bock in Eisenach

Karl Kenig Archives
Albrecht Strohschein,Walter Johannes Stein,Karl König

Also the "School for Social Work", founded bei Emil Bock and himself in Eisenach in 1932, could not be continiued. In 1936 he fled via Prague back to Vienna where he restarted his surgery. Already in 1938 he was as succsessful with his work as in Silesia. During this period he lead an anthroposophical study group with young people, many of them jewish. Together with this group he soon had to flee again.


Karl Kenig Archives


They reached Scotland by different ways. The old "Camphill" estate, a former hiding place of the last knights of the "Order of the Temple" became the place of origin for a community based on curative education, which then developed during the postwar years as the "Camphill Movement" and soon was called for in many countries of the world.

The first group at Kirkton House 1939


Karl Kenig Archives

For Karl König the foundation of such a community was an attempt to realize suggestions Rudolf Steiner had made for for social life based on insight into spiritual reality. For him it was an endeavour to take up anew the true and deeper tasks that had been hindered by the destruction of Central Europe.

Receiving the medal 'Star of Tutzing'  

The Camphill Movement

Karl Kenig Archiveswith Alix Roth in the U.S.A

In 1966 Karl König died in Überlingen near to the communities he had founded at the Lake of Constance. Tireless work and effort to help children, adolescents and adults with special needs in practical, therapeutic and educational life, through publications, talks and seminars, had become more and more the central content of his life. He experienced with satisfaction that he had successfully built a "bridge back to Central Europe".

His researche covered medicine, educational theory, curative education, psychology, biology, agriculture, spiritual science, social and religious subjects. A list of the publications and an overview of the planned new edition of his collected works is to be found under the link 'Publications'.

Today the Camphill Movement includes more than 100 diverse therapeutic communities in over 20 different countries.




Karl König Institut, Medizim
Medicine and the Study of the Human Being Karl König Institut, Heilpädagogik
Curative Education and Social Therapy Karl König Institut, Psychologie
Psychology and Education Karl König Institut, Naturwissenschaft
Agriculture and Science Karl König Institut, Soziale Frage
Social Questions Karl König Institut, Camphill Bewegung The Camphill Movement
Karl König Institut, Christentum
Christianity and the Festivals Karl König Institut, Anthroposophie
General Anthropo-
Karl König Institut, Schulungsweg
Spiritual Development Karl König Institut, Geistesgeschichte
History and Biography Karl König Institut, Kunst
Art and Literature Karl König, Biografie
Karl König's Biography